Chapter Two: Theories of Personality

Elements of Personality

INTRODUCTION

How are traits combined to give you your unique personality? Here are three theories that describe the trait perspective to perspective to understanding personality.

WHAT'S AHEAD


KEY CONCEPTS

Allport's Trait Theory
Cattell's 16PF Factor Analysis of Traits
The Big Five Fundamental Traits

 






Allport's Trait Theory (p.40)

INTRODUCTION

Three levels of traits combine to give us our unique characteristics.


KEY CONCEPTS EXPLAINED

...Cardinal Traits


...Central (global) Traits


...Secondary Traits



GLOSSARY

personality  

trait  



Cattel's 16PF Factor Analysis of Traits (p.40)

INTRODUCTION

Cattell used another procedure for identifying underlying traits.


KEY CONCEPTS EXPLAINED

Factor Analysis


Surface Traits


Source Traits


GLOSSARY

factor analysis  


LINKS About Cattell's Personality Factors



The Big Five Fundamental Traits [p. 41]

INTRODUCTION

All the surface traits have been clustered into five fundamental traits.


KEY CONCEPTS EXPLAINED

  1. Introversion versus Extroversion

    • Introversion = shy

    • Extroversion = outgoing

  2. Neuroticism versus Emotional Stability

    • Anxiety, instability and negativity

    • Worriers, complainers and defeatists

    • "Negative emotionality" - the tendency to negative emotions

  3. Agreeableness (Agreeable versus Stubborn)

    • Capacity for friendly relationships or the tendency to have hostile ones.

  4. Conscientiousness versus undependable

    • Responsible vs. undependable.

  5. Openness to Experience versus Conforming

    • Imaginative versus prefers the familiar.


LINKS about the "Big Five"





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