Chapter Eleven: Approaches to Treatment and Therapy


Chapter Eleven Glossary


INTRODUCTION

This interactive glossary contains definitions to the key terms in each chapter. The "text" link will take you to the section of the interactive chapter guide that explores that concept.


antidepressant drugs
Stimulants that influence neurotransmitters in the brain; they are used in the treatment of mood disorders, usually depression and anxiety.
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antipsychotic drugs
Major tranquilizers primarily used in the treatment of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.
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defense mechanisms
Methods used by the ego to prevent unconscious anxiety or keep threatening thoughts from consciousness.
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electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
A procedure occasionally used for cases of prolonged major depression, in which a brief brain seizure is induced to alter brain chemistry.
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free association
In psychoanalysis, a method of recovering unconscious conflicts by saying freely whatever comes to mind.
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tranquilizers
Depressants commonly but often inappropriately prescribed for patients who complain of unhappiness or worry.
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psychosurgery
Any surgical procedure that destroys selected areas of the brain believed to be involved in emotional disorders or violent, impulsive behaviors.
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therapeutic alliance
The bond of confidence and mutual understanding established between therapist and client that allows them to work together to solve the client's problems.
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transference
In psychodynamic therapies, a critical step in which the patient transfers emotional feelings for his or her parents to the therapist.
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unconditional positive regard
To Carl Rogers, love or support given to another person with no conditions attached.
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